Strategy for Updating the Ecosystem to the Upcoming v0.14.0 Release

In case you weren’t aware, the core team made a release candidate for PureScript v0.14.0 some time ago: v0.14.0-rc2. I’d like to summarize how we plan to proceed from here. In other words, I’ll explain the context behind what has occurred before, what we’ll be doing now, why, and how. At this time, I do not have concrete actions on how you can help. I wrote instructions on how to help but came across a few issues with that approach. When I update those instructions to account for a few issues, I’ll post a new thread here.

Please note that this post was written by me and is largely my understanding. Other core team members may add their thoughts that fill in gaps missing here or even counter what I am discussing below. In short, this is a nuanced situation and we’re still figuring things out.


When the v0.12.0 PureScript release was made, most people were using bower for their dependency manager. psc-package (Spago’s predecessor) was being used by some people but wasn’t recommended as the default dependency manager to use. Since Bower’s solver wasn’t the best, many developers and new learners (including myself) experienced a lot of dependency hell when trying to get anything to compile. This is a situation we would like to avoid again. While there were breaking changes in v0.13.0, the breakage wasn’t nearly as bad a v0.12.0 IIRC.

Without explaining everything entirely, the upcoming v0.14.0 release has a few things that make updating the ecosystem harder:

  • Whenever a new breaking-changes PureScript release is made, we will also make breaking changes to the core purescript organization’s repos. Some of these changes can be done quickly. Others still require further thought and work to finish. Unlike non-core repos, these changes will need the feedback and oversight of the core team. Until these libraries are updated, most of the ecosystem cannot be updated. The more fixes we make here now, the less often we’ll have to do this in the future.
  • The new Coercible feature will make some libraries usage of unsafeCoerce unneeded anymore as we now have a safe coerce that is verified by the compiler. However, to support that, we will need to add role annotations to some libraries. Fortunately, @kl0tl has already done most of this work in the core purescript organization’s repos. This usually isn’t hard to do, but it does require some thought.
  • Things that were outputted via stderr have been switched to stdout. Thus, some tooling (e.g. purescript-psa) needed to be updated to handle this fact. Fortunately, this tool has been updated in v0.8.0 to handle both v0.13.x and v0.14.x PureScript compiler releases.
  • The new PolyKinds feature is probably what will cause the most work when updating the ecosystem for the following reasons:
    • Compiler warnings about missing kind signatures for declarations with inferred polymorphic kinds. This warning serves to notify that it would be better to add a kind signature here than not to. When I attempted to compile as much of the package set as I could, I got about 510 compiler warnings. A large percentage of those warnings (maybe 80%?) were due to this specific warning.
    • New syntax for explicit kind signatures. We can now more clearly annotate a type definition (e.g. data, newtype, type, and class keywords) with its kind signature. People who want to help might have difficulty understanding how to do this, especially if they aren’t familiar with type-level programming in the first place.
    • Previously, we needed a Proxy type that was specific to each kind (e.g. SProxy, RProxy, RLProxy, etc.). These are no longer needed and will be deprecated. To reduce breakage, we will update the code so that usages of the kind-specific proxy types will still compile, giving developers time to migrate to the sole Proxy type.
  • Some libraries may/will be heavily refactored due to the PolyKinds feature, the Coercible feature, and the lessening of the “type synonyms cannot be used in type class instances” restriction.


To prevent the painful v0.12.0 situation that occurred previously, it’s my understanding that we will not be making an official v0.14.0 release until most of the ecosystem can compile on the new release. What counts as “most” is still being determined.

Below are the stages I believe we will go through:

  1. purescript organization and purescript-contrib organization’s repos are updated to compile on the latest v0.14.0 release candidate. Library authors should not be concerned about updating their libraries, but they should be watching their depenedencies’ updates (e.g. PRs, issues) for major breaking changes. This is where we are currently at. See purescript/purescript#3942 for more context.
  2. The community is notified via Discourse that the above goal has been accomplished and that people can start updating their libraries. When any are updated, one should submit a PR to the prepare-0.14 branch of the package-sets repo.
  3. At some point “most” of the ecosystem will be updated to v0.14.0 and tooling will be updated. It is my understanding that we will make an official v0.14.0 release, merge the prepare-0.14 branch into the master branch, make a v0.14.0 package set, and drop packages from the set that are not updated by commenting them out. This will help others know which packages were originally in the set but which haven’t been updated yet. We will uncomment them with their updated version once it works again.

To get this done as fast as possible, we need multiple people working to update libraries in parallel, starting with the ones that have the smallest number of dependencies first.
Via a tool I wrote for this purpose, I created the libDeps.txt file that shows how many dependencies (direct and transitive) each package had in the then-master branch of the package-sets repo. I included transitive dependencies in the list as it helps you know whether any breaking changes we make in one place could affect packages indirectly.
At some point, I will update that small tool to remove dependencies that have been updated from a package’s list of dependencies in the outputted file, so that one can know which dependencies are currently blocking a given package from being updated.

Despite the general approach described above, there are still a few unanswered questions:

  • When does the Book get updated in this process?
  • How long will it take to update the unofficial purescript-cookbook repo? (Keep in mind that many of the recipes are built on Halogen, which depends on most of the ecosystem)
  • Will we block a v0.14.0 release until either or both of these are updated completely?

Again, I will post updated instructions in another thread once I’ve gotten them updated and figured out a few other issues.